Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Salivary Immunoglobulin A Responses in Professional Athletes

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
July 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 7 - pp 1932-1936
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e7fbc0
Original Research

Salivary Immunoglobulin A Responses in Professional Top-Level Futsal Players

Moreira, Alexandre1; Arsati, Franco2; de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, Ynara Bosco2; de Freitas, Camila Gobo1; de Araújo, Vera Cavalcanti3

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Moreira, A, Arsati, F, de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, YB, de Freitas, CG, and de Araújo, VC. Salivary immunoglobulin a responses in professional top-level futsal players. J Strength Cond Res 25(7): 1932-1936, 2011—

The purpose of this study was to investigate the responses of salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in 10 professional top-level Brazilian futsal players after 2 highly competitive games separated by 7 days. Unstimulated saliva was collected over a 5-minute period at PRE- and POST-match. The SIgA was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and expressed as the absolute concentration (SIgAabs) and secretion rate of IgA (SIgArate). Rate of perceived exertion and heart rate were used to monitor the exercise intensity. A 2-way analysis of variance with repeated measures showed nonsignificant differences between matches to SIgAabs, SIgArate, and saliva flow rate (p > 0.05). However, significant time differences were observed for all these parameters.

In summary, we showed that a competitive training match induced a decrease in SIgA levels in top-level futsal players, which suggests an increment of the vulnerability to infections meditated by the training stimulus. This decrease suggests that the athletes were at an increased risk of developing an upper respiratory tract infection, and therefore, it could be necessary to take protective actions to minimize contact with cold viruses or even reduce the training load for athletes.

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